Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation

Mercedes W163
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class M (W163)
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
- Current leaving and service
   Active system of the prevention of term of approach planned THAT (ASSYST)
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   General information on settings
   Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them, designation of tires and disks of wheels, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check of brake system
   Power supply system check, replacement of the fuel filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localization of leaks
   Check of a condition of multicostal belts of a drive of auxiliary units
   Check of functioning of system of cooling and frost resistance of cooling liquid, liquid replacement
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement and check of level of ATF, AT filter replacement
   Visual check of tightness of automatic transmission
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of boots of power shafts
   Check of central air of air
   Greasing of limiters of doors and cylinders of locks
   Visual control of a seat belt and safety cushion block
   Check of operability of headlights and horn
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
   Replacement of the salonny filter
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Check and replacement of spark plugs, check of a condition of high-voltage wires (petrol models)
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter

General information

Long contact of skin to the fulfilled impellent oil is quite dangerous. Use protective cream and put on gloves during carrying out this procedure. The clothes which have become impregnated with oil replace immediately.

Regular and frequent replacement of impellent oil is the main preventive procedure of the service, to the available amateur mechanic. Eventually oil is subject to a razzhizheniye and pollution that conducts to premature wear of the engine.


  1. Impellent oil can be in case of need extorted by means of a special probe (it is usually possible to take in temporary use at filling stations) through directing tube measuring щупа.

At all do not merge the fulfilled oil in the sewerage!

  1. Expediently after performance of replacement of oil to fix on the engine a label with the indication of brand of the filled-in oil and date of performance of procedure.
  2. Use of oils of various types adversely affects operation of the engine. Mixing of oils of various brands is not allowed at all also. In some situations (in particular, in inter-season period) mixing of impellent oils of various viscosity, under condition of their coincidence on type and brand is allowed.

Necessary tool

  • Viewing the hole/platform/hydrolift (if oil is not pumped out at the top);
  • Head for an otvorachivaniye of a drain stopper;
  • The special tool for a filter otvorachivaniye (a key for the filter, a tape key or the HAZET 2172 tool);
  • Capacity for collecting oil (if oil is not sucked away) by volume not less than 6 l.

Necessary spare parts and expendables

  • Aluminum or copper sealing washer for a drain stopper, - are sometimes delivered together with the oil filter (if oil is not pumped out at the top);
  • Replaceable oil filter;
  • Necessary amount of the impellent oil, met with Mercedes-Benz company approval.

Plums of impellent oil


Impellent oil can be also removed with a vysasyvaniye method, by means of a probe, through an opening щупа.

  1. Warm up the engine to working temperature (oil temperature +60°С).
  2. To Poddomkratta the car also establish it horizontally on props.
  3. Get under the case pallet capacity for collecting the fulfilled oil.
  4. Turn out from the case pallet a drain stopper (1) and completely merge oil, - if the drain stopper is located not in bottom points of the pallet of a case of the engine, it is necessary to use the special device for oil pumping out.

If in the fulfilled oil there is at a large number a metal shaving and wear products, it indicates existence задиров, for example, in bearings of a cranked shaft and shatunny bearings. For an exception of damages after the carried-out repair it is necessary to clear oil channels and hoses carefully. It is in addition necessary, if is available, to replace an oil radiator.

Location of a drain stopper (1) pallet of a case (2)

  1. Then it is necessary to screw a drain stopper with a new sealing ring. It is not necessary to exceed the moments of an inhaling specified in Specifications, otherwise it can lead to violation of tightness and damages.
  2. Lower the car on wheels.

Replacement of the oil filter


See also Sections Service of system of greasing and Service of system of greasing.

  1. For a reversing located from above on the engine oil фильтраследует to use a special face key.
  2. Landing flange on the block of the engine wipe the rags moistened in fuel, then remove from its surface all traces of a material of old laying.
  3. Laying of the replaceable oil filter before installation grease with a thin layer of impellent oil.
  4. The replaceable filter at installation is tightened manually before laying pulling to a landing flange, then for a half of turn, - familiarize also with information provided directly on the case of the filter.
  5. Track, that the drain stopper was tightened with demanded effort, - do not forget to replace a sealing washer.

Filling of fresh impellent oil


At the first start of a turbodiesel after replacement of oil it is necessary to watch that the engine at first worked on single turns, the control lamp of pressure of oil will not go out yet. Only after achievement of necessary pressure of oil it is possible to increase gas. If gas is given at a burning control lamp, owing to insufficient amount of oil the turbokompressor can be damaged.

  1. Filling of oil is made through the special, jellied mouth equipped with a cover in a cover of a head of cylinders.
  2. At replacement of oil apply new oil of the same type and, whenever possible, the same brand, as merged of the engine. For the purpose of minimization of a razbryzgivaniye use a funnel. At each replacement of oil attach to the engine the plate with the indication of type and brand of the filled-in oil, and also date of performance of replacement.
  3. At the first stage fill in on 0.5 l less oil, than it is specified in Specifications, then warm up the engine and, some minutes later, check level and, in case of need, make the corresponding adjustment, having finished level to a mark the MOVE on an edge measuring щупа.

Surplus of oil should be pumped out from the engine in order to avoid risk of damage of sealing elements of the engine and failure of the catalytic converter.

  1. After a trial trip check tightness of landing of a drain stopper and the oil filter,
  2. 3 minutes later after an engine stop once again measure уровеньмасла, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment.