Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation

Mercedes W163
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class M (W163)
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
- Current leaving and service
   Active system of the prevention of term of approach planned THAT (ASSYST)
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   General information on settings
   Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them, designation of tires and disks of wheels, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check of brake system
   Power supply system check, replacement of the fuel filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localization of leaks
   Check of a condition of multicostal belts of a drive of auxiliary units
   Check of functioning of system of cooling and frost resistance of cooling liquid, liquid replacement
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement and check of level of ATF, AT filter replacement
   Visual check of tightness of automatic transmission
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of boots of power shafts
   Check of central air of air
   Greasing of limiters of doors and cylinders of locks
   Visual control of a seat belt and safety cushion block
   Check of operability of headlights and horn
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
   Replacement of the salonny filter
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Check and replacement of spark plugs, check of a condition of high-voltage wires (petrol models)
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them, designation of tires and disks of wheels, rotation of wheels


  1. Depending on model and equipment tires and disks of the various sizes can be established. Disks have depth of a press fitting of 38 mm, - the distance from the disk middle to a persistent surface of a wheel on a brake disk or a drum is called as depth of a press fitting. Wheel bolts for steel and light-alloy wheels have the identical sizes.

At installation of light-alloy wheels of other producers bolts of other sizes can be demanded.

The equipment is improved. Can be so that for older models other values of pressure in tires are admissible. The sizes specified in documents to the car are defining.

  1. At a sports manner of driving it is recommended to increase pressure in lobbies and back tires by 0.2 kgfs/cm2. At increase in pressure it is necessary to start with a base-line value for various conditions of loading.
  2. Winter tires as a rule have pressure upon 0.2 kgfs/cm2 above than summer. It is necessary to consider recommendations of manufacturers of winter tires.
  3. As winter tires have restriction till speed, in sight of the driver the plate with the indication of the maximum speed should be strengthened.

Designations of disks

Example 6Jx15

6 — Width of a disk in inches

J — the Alphabetic reference of height and a contour onboard закраины disk rims

x\Designation of an integral deep disk

15 — Diameter of a disk in inches

Admissible lateral palpation on onboard закраине a disk: 0.8 mm;

Admissible radial palpation on the landing shelf of a disk: 0.5 mm.

Designation of tires

Example: 195/70 R 14 89 H

195 — Width of the tire in mm

/70 — The relation of height to width (the height of cross-section section of the tire makes 70 % from width)

If separate data on the relation of width to height are absent (for example, 175 R 14), mean are a question of the "normal" relation. It makes 82 %.

N — the Class of speed, N: to 210 km/h (on new tires it is brought not always).

R — the Radial design

14 — the Size of a disk in inches

89 — loading capacity Parameter

If between data 14 and 89 there is M+S designation, it is a question of tires with a winter protector.

N — Designation of admissible maximum speed.

Symbols of speed belong both to summer, and to winter tires. Alphabetic references of speed are given in Specifications.

Date of manufacturing of the tire

Date of manufacturing is put down on the tire in a code of the producer

Example: DOT CUL2 UM8 of 019 TUBELESS

DOT — Department of Transportation (the Ministry of Transport of the USA)

CU — reduction of the name of the manufacturer

L2 — the size of the tire

UM8 — tire execution

4600 — manufacturing date - the 46th working week 2000

TUBELESS — tubeless (TUBETYPE - the tire with the chamber)

  • Regular check of a condition of tires will allow you to avoid the troubles connected with stops in a way because of the lowered wheel. Besides, such checks give valuable information on possible problems with a steering and a suspension bracket before emergence in them serious damages.
  • Tires are equipped with the built-in strips of indication of wear of a protector which are bared at decrease in depth of a protector to 1.6 mm then tires are considered as the worn-out. This size represents minimum admissible depth of a protector; it is in most cases recommended to replace the tires which depth of a protector makes 2 mm and less. It is also possible to determine depth of a protector by the simple and inexpensive adaptation known under the name of a measuring instrument of depth of a protector.

Indicators of wear of a protector of the tire to depth of 1.6 mm are in the places designated on боковине by TWI

  • Pay attention to any unusual wear of protectors. Such defects of a protector as cavities, cambers, uploshcheniye and stronger wear on the one hand indicate violation of corners of installation of forward wheels and/or wheel balancing. At identification any of the listed defects it is necessary to address for their adjustment in a shinomontazhny workshop.
  • Carefully check the tire on existence of cuts, punctures and got stuck nails or buttons. Sometimes after a tire protykaniye a nail it still some time holds pressure or lowers very slowly. At suspicion on existence such «a slow puncture» at first check tightness of a nipple of the gate of a rating. Then examine a protector on presence at it got stuck strangers of subjects or closed up before the punctures which have started over again to pass air. If there is a suspicion that there is a puncture, to make sure of its existence it is possible, having moistened a suspected site with soap water. In the presence of leak solution will start to bubble. If not too big, the tire it is usually possible to repair a puncture in any shinomontazhny workshop.
  • Carefully examine internal lateral surfaces of tires on existence of signs of leakage of brake liquid on them. If those are available, immediately check brake system.
  • Maintenance in tires of the correct pressure increases term of their service, helps to save fuel and improves the general comfort of movement. The special manometer is necessary for check of pressure.

Always keep an exact manometer in the ware box, - to indications of the manometers which have been built in nozzles of air hoses at filling stations, it is not necessary to trust.

  • Always check pressure on cold tires (i.e. to a trip on the car). If to check pressure on the warm or warmed-up tires, it will lead to overestimate of indications of a manometer because of thermal expansion of tires. In this case never it is necessary to lower pressure since after tire cooling it will appear lower than norm.
  • Screw together a protective cap from the gate of a rating acting from a disk of a wheel or from a cap of a nave, then densely press to the gate a manometer nozzle. Consider instrument readings and compare them with recommended in Specifications. Do not forget to establish into place a protective cap for hit prevention in the mechanism of a nipple of dirt and moisture. Check pressure in all four tires and if necessary pump up them to the recommended value of pressure.
  • Do not forget to support demanded pressure and in a spare wheel.

Check of pressure of air in tires


Check of pressure of air should be carried out only on cold tires.

Values of pressure of air in the tires, given for small loading of the car, are the minimum values providing comfort of movement. The air elevated pressure in the tires, provided at the raised loading of the car, positively affects controllability of the car as well at small loading and is quite admissible. Smoothness of a kacheniye thus, however, decreases a little.

  1. Unscrew a gate cap.
  2. Pressure of air in tires is checked once a month, and also at carrying out service (including spare a wheel). At check use a special manometer, or the manometer which has been built in the compressor.

It is not necessary to trust indications of the manometers which have been built in nozzles of compressors, tires used for pumping at petrol filling stations.

Check of pressure of a rating of tires

  1. Besides, pressure of air are necessary for checking before each long trip since temperature load of tires in this case increases.
  2. Necessary pressure of air in tires is given on a sticker being on inside of a cover of a fuel tank.

At use of winter tires pressure of air should be increased by 0.2 kgfs/cm2 in relation to the established value.

  1. Pressure of air of narrow tires of a spare wheel is specified on боковине a disk. Pressure of air in tires changes depending on change of temperature of air on 10°С approximately on 0.1 kgfs/cm2. It should be considered at monitoring procedure of pressure of air in tires indoors, especially in a cold season.
    Temperature in garage — Near + 20°С
    Temperature of external air — Near 0°С
    Established pressure of air in tires = the Ordered value, + 0.2 kgfs/cm2

Check of a condition of gates of a rating of wheels


Applied extension pieces of gates should be checked on existence of damages and the pollution conducting to a leakage. If necessary it is necessary to replace extension pieces.

  1. Unscrew a protective cap and the extension piece.
  2. Put on the gate a small amount of soap solution or a saliva. If the air vial is formed, tighten an insert (3), - use a ledge of a metal protective cap (2).

    Gate of a rating of a wheel

    1, 2 — Rubber/plastic and metal protective caps
    3 — the Nipple
    4 — the gate Case

  3. Again check the gate. If there are vials and the gate it is not possible to tighten, it it is necessary to replace (work HUNDRED).
  4. Surely again establish into place a protective cap.

Examples of characteristic wear of protectors of tires

Lateral wear

Insufficient pressure in the tire leads to its overheat at movement owing to an excessive deflection therefore the protector does not nestle sufficiently on a road surface. It leads to loss of coupling with the road and to excessive wear of a protector, not to mention danger of an exit of the tire out of operation as a result of an overheat.

Check and adjust pressure.

Wrong disorder of wheels (wear on the one hand)

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Too sharp turns

Reduce speed!

Central wear

Superfluous pressure

Superfluous pressure in the tire results in the accelerated wear of the central part of a protector, decrease in coupling with darling to more rigid movement and increase of danger of fatal damage of a slope.

Check and adjust pressure.

If you had to pump up tires for transportation of heavy cargoes to specified for this purpose in Specifications of value of pressure, do not forget after that to pit it upon transition to a normal mode of operation.

Non-uniform wear

Tires of forward wheels can non-uniformly wear out as a result of violation of adjustment of corners of installation of wheels. To check and adjust corners of installation it is possible for a moderate payment in the majority of shinomontazhny workshops.

Wrong disorder or выбег

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Defect of a suspension bracket

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Wheels are debalanced

Make balancing of wheels.

Convergence of forward wheels is incorrectly established

Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels.

The Obtrepannost of edges of a pattern of the protector, being a wear sign, best of all comes to light to the touch.

Rotation of wheels


Rotation of wheels is authorized only at the identical amount of forward and back wheel assemblies.

  1. Rotation of wheels make depending on degree of wear of tires each 5-10 thousand kilometers of run. Thus watch preservation of the direction of rotation of wheels (for the directed tires).
  2. Rotation is necessary for making till emergence of characteristic signs of wear of tires: wear of a humeral zone (forward wheels) / average part of a protector (back wheels).
  3. At each rotation carefully clear wheel assemblies from the inside.
  4. Having finished procedure do not forget to check pressure of a rating of tires (see above).

In order to avoid weakening of fastening of wheels tighten wheel bolts strictly according to requirements of Specifications, use only firm wheel bolts with the Mercedes-Benz company logo!

Spare wheel of the facilitated design


  1. At tire damage to the place of the failed wheel assembly the spare wheel of the facilitated design which at the first possibility it is necessary to replace with a wheel of a standard design is established, - запаска is calculated on run no more than 20 000 km.
  2. In case of need the tire of a spare wheel can be mounted on the driving wheel, under condition of its compliance on a standard size of other driving wheels.

The tires which were in the use more than 6 years are recommended to be used only in extreme cases when other exit is not present.

Models with an AMG firm complete set


There is a danger of failure! If the spare wheel of the facilitated design is mounted, owing to the various sizes of tires it is necessary to reckon with change of dynamic properties of the car. Conform style of driving to this situation.

  1. The spare wheel of the facilitated design is provided only for short-term using at observance of the ordered pressure of air in tires and the maximum speed of 80 km/h.
  2. Operation with more, than one spare wheel of the facilitated design is inadmissible.

Replacement of wheels

See. Poddomkrachivaniye and towage undressed.

Bolts of fastening of wheels


  1. Damaged mechanically or as a result of corrosion development wheel bolts are subject to replacement.
  2. Before a vvorachivaniye it is not necessary to grease wheel bolts with any structures.
  3. In case of damage of a carving to a nave of a wheel it is necessary to drive away immediately the car on HUNDRED Mercedes-Benzs for performance of necessary regenerative repair.
  4. Before installation of wheels check purity of surfaces of interface of disks with naves.
  5. In order to avoid weakening of fastening of wheels tighten wheel bolts strictly according to requirements of Specifications, use only firm wheel bolts with the Mercedes-Benz company logo!