Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation

Mercedes W163
- Mercedes-Benz cars of a class M (W163)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Poddomkrachivaniye and towage



The regular jack is intended only for short-term lifting of the car at wheel replacement, before performance of any works under the car it is necessary to establish it on special props!

  1. The automobile jack complete with a ballonny key is in a pocket under a cover of the right lateral panel of furnish of a luggage compartment.

1 — the Jack

  1. The regular spare wheel of a compact design fastens from below under the car, - having grasped TWO hands, remove from a rear bumper the central cover.

Attempt of removal of a cover by a way of its procrastination for an average part is interfaced to risk of its damage!

  1. By means of a key from a set of the onboard tool turn out up to the end a bolt (2), - the bolt should remain in the holder, raise assembly of a wheel and a screw-driver wring out the lever (3). Turn a basic arm of a wheel down and extend it on itself, further, having turned against the stop counter-clockwise, remove a bayonet lock, then remove a protector and take a spare wheel.

2 — the Fixing bolt
3 — the Lever

The failed wheel to the place of compact запаски is established cannot, - place it in a canvas cover and fix in a luggage compartment (the description of rules of fixing of cargo in a luggage compartment is provided in Head Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation).

  1. Not beefy spare wheel of a compact design is located on models ML of 55 AMG in a casing (3) fixed at the left in a luggage compartment (shooters showed clamps of fastening of a cover)
  1. On models ML of 55 AMG not beefy spare wheel of a compact design is stored in the special casing fixed at the left in a luggage compartment, - release clamps and uncover a casing. The wheel is fixed in a casing by means of three screws. The regular place of fastening of the compressor of a rating of tires is located under a cover of the left lateral panel of furnish of a luggage compartment and equipped with a fixing thong, - previously it is necessary to dismantle a casing запаски.
  2. At the corresponding complete set the spare wheel (any design) can be fixed on a special arm behind a door of a back of the car, - release a clamp, having turned in the corresponding direction the blocking lever. Turn out fixing bolts and remove a wheel from an arm where then the failed wheel can be established. At transfer of an arm to transport situation track reliability of its fixing.

The developed arm can close assembly of the combined back lamp, - do not forget to expose an emergency sign!

Movement on the car with a loose external arm of a spare wheel is inadmissible!

Equipped with the external holder of a zapanny wheel should not subject cars the sink on automatic transfer lines.

  1. In a casing запаска it is fixed by three bolts (2), - models ML of 55 AMG
  1. Pocket under fastening of the electric compressor of a rating of tires

1 — the Compressor
2 — Repair TIREFIT-KIT putty

  1. The lever of blocking of an external arm of fastening of a spare wheel (1), - for an otpuskaniye to turn in the arrow direction
  1. Park the car on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering.
  2. Cock the parking brake.
  3. At the corresponding complete set transfer the AT selector lever to the situation "R".
  1. Prop up protivootkatny boots a wheel located on a diagonals from a subject to replacement.

At procedure performance on a bias it is necessary to enclose boots under both wheels of a serviceable axis from descent.

  1. Prepare the necessary tool (a jack, a ballonny key) and a spare wheel (see above).
  2. At the corresponding complete set remove a protective cap of a disk, then weaken bolts of fastening of the failed wheel.
  1. Get a jack head under a special body arm behind (forward wheels) or ahead (back wheels) a wheel arch. Track, that the heel of a jack rested all the surface against soil, - at friable soil enclose under a heel a special lining (in a winter season it is useful to have a piece of a wide board in the car).
  1. Remember that regardless of bias existence the jack always should occupy strictly vertical situation.
  1. Rotating a driving vorotok, achieve a full separation of a subject to wheel replacement from the earth.
  2. Turn out wheel bolts and make wheel replacement, having evenly tightened bolts in a diagonal order (star) with demanded effort (150 Nanometers).

For fastening of wheels only firm bolts with Mercedes-Benz logo designation should be used!

  1. Check pressure of a rating established запаски, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment (4.3 kgfs/cm 2).

The maximum admissible duration of continuous operation of the electric compressor for a rating of tires makes 8 minutes.

  1. Combine the removed wheel and the tool on the regular places.


Towage of an emergency vehicle


At towage with the lifted forward bridge, and also at control of the parking brake at the stand for test of brakes the engine should be switched off, - otherwise owing to active braking action of electronic protivozanosny (ESP) there can be a damage of brake system of the back bridge!

  1. Strictly speaking, the emergency car should be transported on the wrecker.
  2. If to avoid towage it is not possible, it is most reasonable to make it on a rigid hitch (the ignition key of the emergency car should be turned in situation 2).

It is necessary to remember that at a detachment or in case of a full discharge of the storage battery shutdown of blocking of a wheel is not obviously possible, no less than removal of the lever of the AT selector (at the corresponding complete set) from the situation "R"!

  1. At damage of a transfer case before towage of the car it is necessary to disconnect driveshafts from leading bridges.
  2. Car towage with the damaged forward bridge should be made with a separation of the last from the earth and with disconnected back kardanny in bulk.
  3. At damage of the back bridge towage is made with a separation of the last from the earth with the forward wheels got on the special cart.
  4. Use at towage of an emergency vehicle only towing cable specially intended for this purpose. Application of modern synthetic materials allowed to adjust release of towing cables of the elastic design minimizing danger of breaks as a result of hit of a sling under wheels of the towed car.
    The towing element (cable/bar) should cling only to a special towing eye, - at all for a bumper or suspension bracket elements.
  5. The forward towing eye is located on the right under a bumper, back - on the right under the decorative cover opening by a poddevaniye by a screw-driver.
  1. Location of a forward towing eye (1)
  1. Location of a back towing eye (2), - models of a standard complete set
  1. Location of a back towing eye (model ML of 55 AMG and all models of a special complete set of Styling Packet AMG)

1 — the Cover
2 — the Towing eye

  1. The driver of the towing car should try to move as much as possible evenly, smoothly releasing coupling at gear shifting and, especially, at a troganiye from a place.
    Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in situation 2, otherwise inevitably there will be a blocking of a steering column. Besides, at the included ignition indexes of turns and stoplights are activated also.

Activation of indexes of turns at the switched-on alarm system leads to temporary shutdown of the last.

  1. At management of a towed vehicle watch, that during movement the cable constantly remained tense, - manipulating a foot brake, try not to allow sharp breakthroughs and arrivals on a proslablenny cable.
  2. Remember that at the switched-off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Thus it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with much big, than usually effort, at maneuvering performance the bigger effort should be put also to a steering wheel the steering pump also will not function.
  3. Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should coordinate among themselves a route.
  4. Movement should be carried out only with moderate speeds, on the shortest route and observance of traffic regulations. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering. Remember that at car towage on edge of a dirt road always there is a danger of demolition on a roadside.

Features of towage of the emergency cars equipped with AT


At a detachment or in case of a full discharge of the storage battery removal of the lever of the AT selector from the situation "R" is not obviously possible!

  1. The cars equipped with AT, can be towed by a forward course on all four wheels with the speed which is not exceeding 50 km/h and on distance no more than 50 km.

Non-compliance maximum or distances of towage can lead speeds to transmission damage.

  1. Before the beginning of towage check level of transmission liquid (see. The section Replacement and check of level of ATF, AT filter replacement), - at insufficient level of ATF, it is necessary to make necessary adjustment, or to tow the car only with the driving wheels torn off from the earth.

Towage of equipped AT of the car on big distances, and also with the failed transmission should be made only with a separation of driving wheels from the earth, or with the disconnected driveshafts, - in an ideal - on a wrecker platform.

  1. Make the following preparatory procedures:
  1. Release the parking brake;
  2. Start the engine;
  3. Transfer the selector lever to situation "D", then - in neutral («N»);
  4. Muffle the engine;
  5. Turn the ignition key in situation 2 (at all do not leave it in situation 0);
  6. Function «During movement» can be switched off automatic locking of doors.

Towage for the purpose of engine start

Before starting engine start by a method of towage of the car, it is necessary whenever possible to try to use the auxiliary power supply (see below).

Models with RKPP


  1. Towage for the purpose of start of the engine should be made at the connected storage battery and turned in the lock situation 2 by the ignition key.
  2. Engine start by a method of pushing or towage should be made only at cold the engine and the catalytic converter. Avoid repeated long attempts of start.

Models with AT


Start of the engine of equipped AT by a method of towage or pushing is not obviously possible, - in case of need use the auxiliary power supply.