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Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Mercedes W163
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class M (W163)
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
- Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
   + Power supply system of petrol engines
   + Power supply system of diesel engines
   + Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
.



Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases

Specifications

Separate characteristics are provided also in the text of Head and in case of obligation of their performance are allocated with a bold print.

Power supply system

General information

Grades of applied fuel See. Specifications to Head Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
Volume of a fuel tank See. Specifications to Head the Current leaving and service
Type of system of injection
Petrol models Electronic microprocessor system of the distributed injection (SPFI)
  • М111
HFM-SFI
  • M112/113
ME-SFI
Diesel models CDI
Principle of measurement of a consumption of air Termoanemometrichesky sensor (MAF)
System of injection of the diesel engine
Type ТНВД
ML 270 of CDI Bosch, EDC 15С, Common rail
ML 400 of CDI Data are absent
Order of injection of fuel
ML 270 of CDI 1-2-4-5-3
ML 400 of CDI 1-5-4-8-6-3-7-2
Adjusting data
Turns of idling, mines-1

Petrol models

  • ML 230
600 ÷ 900, to adjustment are not subject
  • ML 320
600 ÷ 850, to adjustment are not subject
  • ML 350
Data are absent
  • ML 430
550 ÷ 800, to adjustment are not subject
  • ML 55 AMG
Data are absent
  • ML 500
Data are absent
Diesel models
  • ML 270 of CDI
640 ÷ 840
  • ML 400 of CDI
Data are absent
Restriction of turns without loading (diesel models), mines-1
ML 270 of CDI 4500 ÷ 4900 (no more than 1 second at check of transparency of the fulfilled gases)
ML 400 of CDI Data are absent
The contents WITH on single turns, at oil 60°С temperature (all petrol models) No more than 0.5 %, are not subject to adjustment
The maintenance of NANOSECOND on single turns, ppm (particles) (all petrol models) 100
The maintenance of CO2 on single turns (all petrol models) 14.5-16 %
Contents О2 on single turns (all petrol models) 0.1-0.5 %
The contents WITH on 2200-2800 rpm (all petrol models) 0.3 %
Value a lambda on 2200-2800 rpm (all petrol models) 0.97-1.03
Opacity of the fulfilled gases (diesel models)
EU limit No more than 73 %
Homological value 56 %
Efforts of a tightening of carving connections, Nanometer
Power supply system

Petrol models

Bolt of fastening of the actuation mechanism of an electronic drive of a butterfly valve to the inlet pipeline (except models ML of 55 AMG) 9
Fastening of a submitting gasoline pipe line to the fuel distributive highway
Models with the series 111 engine 24
Models with engines of series 112 and 113 38
Cap nut ring of fastening of assembly of the gasoline pump/sensor of a stock of fuel in a fuel tank 65
Collar of fastening of the locking fuel valve 20
Bolts of fastening of the fuel highway to a head of cylinders 25
Самоконтрящиеся bolts of fastening of a back stretcher to a frame 200
Самоконтрящиеся bolts of fastening of the driveshaft to a connecting flange of back differential 50
Bolts of fastening of assembly tapes of fixing of a fuel tank 20
Bolts of fastening of a longitudinal level of an obtyagivaniye of assembly tapes 20
Bolts of fastening of an assembly bracket of fixing of an additional fuel tank (model 163.174) 20
Bolts of fastening of body assembly to a frame 65
Hollow bolts of fastening of gasoline pipe lines to the fuel filter 27
Diesel models
Screws of fastening of the finishing panel of a cover of a head of cylinders 10
Screws of fastening of the finishing panel of the air distributor 10
Cap nut ring of fastening of assembly of the sensor of a stock of fuel in a fuel tank 65
Bolts of fastening of assembly tapes of fixing of a fuel tank 20
Bolts of fastening of a longitudinal level of an obtyagivaniye of assembly tapes 20
Самоконтрящиеся bolts of fastening of a back stretcher to a frame 200
Самоконтрящиеся bolts of fastening of the driveshaft to a connecting flange of back differential 50
Flange connection of fastening of a final collector to a turbokompressor 30
Turbokompressor fastening to the forward catalytic converter (model 163.113) 30
Bolt of fastening of the line of removal of oil to a turbokompressor 9
Bolt of fastening of the line of supply of oil to a turbokompressor 30
Bolt of fastening of the line of supply of oil to a head of cylinders
  • Models 163.113
22
  • Models 163.128
10
Bolts of fastening of a turbokompressor 30
Bolts of fastening of a basic arm of a turbokompressor to an engine case (only models 163.113) 20
Bolt of a sleeve of a path of pressurization of air (М7) 16
Bolt of a basic arm of a sleeve of a path of pressurization of air (only models 163.113) 20
Bolt of fastening of the okhladitelny line to the top sleeve of a path of pressurization of air 9
Bolt of fastening of the servomotor of the actuation mechanism of a perekryvaniye of inlet port (only models 163.113) 9
Nut of fastening of the plug 30 (only models 163.128) 14
Nut of fastening of the plug 50 (only models 163.128) 6
Bolts of fastening of a starter (model 163.128) 42
Bolt of fastening of the preliminary fuel pump to the top cover of a head of cylinders (models 163.113/TNVD (model 163.128) 9
Shtutsernye of a nut of fastening of the pressure head line to TNVD and the fuel highway (model 163.113) / to klapanny assembly (model 163.128) 20
Bolts of coupling clamps of fastening of nozzles
  • Stage 1
7
  • Stage 2
To hold on on a corner 90 °
Bolt of fastening of a basic arm to (model 163.113) TNVD 9
Bolts of fastening of TNVD to a head of cylinders (model 163.128) 14
Bolts of fastening of the fuel highway to a head of cylinders
  • Models 163.113
14
  • Models 163.128
20
Hollow bolt of fastening of the line of leakages of oil to the fuel highway (model 163.113) / to the klapanny block (model 163.128) 20
Nuts of fastening of pressure head lines to fuel to highways/nozzles
  • The new
20
  • Being in the use
25
Fastening of the sensor of pressure in the fuel distributive highway
  • Models 163.113 (to the highway)
20
  • Models 163.128 (to the klapanny block)
35
Bolt of fastening of the locking fuel valve (model 163.113) 8
Bolt of fastening of the valve regulator of pressure of fuel to (model 163.113) highway / to klapanny assembly (model 163.128)
  • Stage 1
3
  • Stage 2
5
Fastening of the klapanny block to the air distributor (only models 163.128) 12
Bolt of fastening of a collar of fixing of the pressure head line to a sleeve of the air distributor (model 163.128) 8
Shtutsernye of connection of pressure head lines of nozzles 42
Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
Petrol models
Bolts of flange connection on a reception pipe (pipes) of system of production of the fulfilled gases with a final collector (ами) 20
Nut of a bracket of fixing of an exhaust pipe of an AMG package (except models 163.174) 55
The screw of fastening of a basic arm подвеса systems of production of the fulfilled gases to a case of transmission (model 163.174) 20
Самоконтрящиеся nuts of reception pipes of system of production of the fulfilled gases (model 163.174) 29
Lambda probes in system of production of the fulfilled gases / a final collector 55
Bolt of fastening of the EGR valve on a head of cylinders (except models 163.136) 20
Cap nut of fastening of a tube of EGR to the EGR valve (except models 163.136) 40
Bolts of a flange of fastening of a tube of EGR to the inlet pipeline (except models 163.136)
Except models 163.136 and 163.157 9
Models 163.157 8
Bolts of fastening of a basic arm of the air pump (except models 163.136) 12
Diesel models
Bolts of flange connection on a reception pipe (pipes) of system of production of the fulfilled gases with a final collector (ами) 20
Nut of a bracket of fixing of an exhaust pipe of an AMG package (except models 163.174) 55
Nut of fastening of a basic arm подвеса to a carving plate of fastening of average section of system of production of the fulfilled gases and to a transmission case 20
Bolt of a fixing collar of a joint of forward and back sections of system of production of the fulfilled gases 55
Turbokompressor fastening to the forward catalytic converter 30
Bolt of fastening of a basic arm of the catalytic converter to an engine case 20
Nuts of fastening of a back cross-section beam of the power unit to (model 163.128) frame 40
Bolts of fastening of pozitsioner (activators) of EGR to EGR unions on heads of cylinders (only models 163.128) 15
Bolt of fastening of a tube of EGR to EGR cooler (only models 163.128) 15
Bolts of fastening of a basic arm of pozitsioner of EGR (only models 163.128) 15
Bolts of fastening of a cooler of EGR to pozitsioner of EGR and the top part of the air distributor (only models 163.128) 15

General information and security measures

Petrol engines

Into structure of fuel system enter: established in a back part of the car (under a pillow of a back seat) a fuel tank with an adsorber on absorbent carbon, топливопроводы, the electric fuel pump, and also the electronic system of consecutive injection operated by the control unit.

The stock of fuel is shown to the driver on the dashboard. On the petrol engine of pair of gasoline gather in an adsorber and move in chambers of combustion of the engine.

Essential influence on fuel consumption renders style of driving of the car. Some councils on the reasonable address with a gas pedal below are given:

  • After engine start at once get under way from a place even if it occurs on a frost;
  • At a car stop for a while more on 40 with, switch off the engine;
  • Move always on the highest transfer;
  • At movement on big distances whenever possible support uniform speed. Avoid movement on high speeds. Operate the car circumspectly. Without need do not brake;
  • Transport the car excessive cargo. If the luggage carrier is not used, remove it from a roof;
  • Check pressure of air in tires. Do not allow excessive pressure decrease.

Diesel engines

Into structure of fuel system enter: established in a back part of the car (under a pillow of a back seat) a fuel tank, the fuel filter, nozzles, fuel tubes and hoses, the sensor of a stock of the fuel, located in a tank and the block of electronic control by the engine.

Fuel moves the special pump via the filter. In the filter dirt and the water containing in fuel settles.

The engine copes the electronic system similar to a control system of petrol engines. The system operates operation of the engine, analyzing information arriving from a large number of sensors.

On diesel models there is no accelerator cable. Instead of it on a pedal the sensor of its situation is established.

The valve of an otsechka of fuel at switching off of ignition is absent. To muffle the engine at ignition switching off, the control unit the engine sends a signal which, in turn, stops supply of fuel to nozzles to the TNVD control unit.

The fuel system is designed so that not to allow «подсоса» some air in the absence of fuel in a tank. The control unit constantly checks fuel level in a tank, processing information arriving from the sensor of a stock of fuel, located in a tank. When falling a stock of fuel to a certain level the control unit activates a control lamp on a combination of devices then compulsorily causes admissions of supply of fuel, limiting to that the maximum speed. It proceeds until fuel level in a tank will not exceed an admissible mark.

The fuel system of diesel engines is very reliable. During the using of pure fuel and performance of regular service it should function regularly before the termination of service life of the car. After very big run internal components of nozzles can wear out, and they will be necessary for repairing. As the pump - nozzles have a difficult design, repair is recommended to be carried out in a specialized workshop.

Security measures and rules of observance of purity at work with fuel system

At work with fuel system it is necessary to observe the following security measures and purity:

  • Do not come nearer to works place with open fire, do not smoke and do not turn on any heating devices! Keep in readiness the fire extinguisher;
  • Watch normal ventilation of a workplace, - fuel pairs are poisonous;
  • The fuel system is under pressure. When opening system fuel can escape under pressure, - use goggles. The spilled fuel collect rags;
  • At work with components of a power supply system of the diesel engine observe special precautionary measures. In special degree it belongs to nozzles. Keep in mind that pressure of fuel at an exit makes about 1100 atm of nozzles, - do not allow hit of any parts of a body under a fuel stream;
  • Shlangovye connections fasten by means of tape or tightening collars. It is necessary to replace tightening collars with tape collars or collars of the last design surely. For installation of tape collars special adaptations (for example, HAZET 796-5) are issued;
  • Connections and places adjoining to them before opening carefully clear;
  • The removed components stack on a pure lining and cover with polyethylene, paper or НЕВОРСЯЩЕЙСЯ rags;
  • Carefully close the open ends of shtutserny sockets, or cork them with suitable caps;
  • Establish into place only pure details, - replaceable components take from packing only directly ahead of installation. Do not use details stored in an unpacked look;
  • Avoid application of the compressed air at open fuel system, whenever possible try not to move the car;
  • Do not apply some hermetics containing silicone, - the particles which have got to the engine of silicone do not burn down and can be at the bottom of failure of oxygen sensors.

Security measures at removal of a fuel tank

  • Before removal of a tank merge from it fuel or pump out fuel pump specially provided for this purpose;
  • The fuel tank acts in film from the bottom party of the car. Before a detachment of collars of fastening of a tank bring to it from below a jack and linings;
  • The empty tank is explosive and cannot be utilized in such look. Before utilization the tank should be cut on a part. Watch that thus there was no spark. For this purpose hand over a fuel tank in the specialized enterprise;
  • After tank installation into place start the engine and check tightness of all connections.