Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Mercedes W163
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class M (W163)
- Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
   First 1500 km
   + Access, protection
   + Elements of systems of safety
   - Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
      The dashboard and the central console - the general information
      Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators
      Governing bodies and salon equipment
      Equipment of a luggage compartment
      Replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   + Comfort
   + Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators

Design of a combination of devices

1 — the Measuring instrument of temperature of cooling liquid
2 — the Indicator of temperature of external air
3 — the Measuring instrument of a stock of fuel with a control lamp of the minimum reserve
4 — the Control lamp of activation of indexes of the left turn
4 — the Measuring instrument of pressure of impellent oil
5 — the Regulator of intensity of illumination devices/button of dumping of indications of the counter of a distance in kilometers current run/activation of a combination of devices/switching of modes of active system of servicing (ASSYST)
6 — the Control lamp of ETS/ESP systems
7 — the Speedometer

8 — the Speedtronic system LIM Indicator
9 — the Indicator of the counter of a distance in kilometers of the current run/level of the impellent oil/indicator / the variable limiter of speed
10 — the Control lamp of activation of indexes of the right turn
11 — the Handle of installation of indications of hours
12 — the Tachometer
13 — Hours
14 — the Indicator of the chosen range of AT

Combination of devices

The design of a combination of devices is presented on an illustration.

Instrumentations

Activation of a combination of devices

Activation of a combination of devices is made when opening door, by pressing one of built in in a combination on the right and to the left of a speedometer of devices of push-button switches, and also at inclusion ignition/opening of a driver's door. Shutdown of a board occurs automatically.

Adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices

Adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices (at included running fires - see. The section Governing bodies and the salon equipment) is made by means of built in in an instrument guard at the left under the dial of a speedometer of the turn-push handle, - by means of the same handle activation of a combination of devices (see above) and switching of modes of functioning built in a speedometer digital display/dumping of the indication of the counter of the current distance in kilometers (see below) can be made.

The combined measuring instrument of a stock of fuel/temperature of cooling liquid

The measuring instrument is in the left corner of a combination of devices and is equipped with two indexes one of which (right) registers the stock of fuel remaining in a tank, second (left) serves for indication of value of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine. In the lower part of the dial of a measuring instrument the display of a conclusion of indications of temperature of external air is built in.

Measuring instrument of a stock of fuel

The error of indications of a measuring instrument of a stock of fuel is minimum, when the car occupies strictly horizontal situation. At car movement on twisting or hilly roads the error of the device increases. Functioning of a measuring instrument does not depend on position of the ignition key. The label 1/1 corresponds to a condition of complete filling, 0 - to an empty tank. Built in the measuring instrument dial the control lamp with the image of a filling station informs the driver on need at the first possibility to make car refueling.

Measuring instrument of temperature of cooling liquid

In normal conditions temperature of boiling of cooling liquid (antifreeze with the anticorrosive additives added in it), filled in calculated on functioning at superfluous pressure the path of system makes near 130°С. Under trying conditions operation, for example, in very hot weather or at long lifting uphill the arrow of the index can rise to the top red mark in a scale. If the temperature of the engine increased so that the arrow of the index comes into limits of a red range of a scale of a measuring instrument, it is necessary to stop immediately movement, to move down on a roadside, to park and make check of a condition of system of cooling about clarification of the reasons of an overheat of the engine (see. Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases).

Indicator of temperature of external air

The display of indication of indications of the sensor of temperature of external air is built in in the dial of the left combined measuring instrument of a combination of devices. The temperature is defined in degrees Celsius (°C).

Change of indications of the display after departure from garage occurs to the certain delay caused by adaptation of the sensor.

Besides, the compulsory delay of increase of indications of the display according to increase in ambient temperature is provided at temperature of cooling liquid of the engine from above 60°С, - that allows to prevent aimings from the hot engine during stops and at car movement with small speeds.

Speedometer

The speedometer is built in in the central part of a combination of devices and shows speed of movement of the car in km/h.

Display of indications of the odometer/counter of the current run/indicator of level of impellent oil/term of approach planned THAT

The display of indications of the odometer, the counter of the current run and the indicator of term of approach planned THAT is built in in the speedometer dial. Dumping of indications of the counter flowing run/switching of modes of the display is made by means of the speedometer of the push-button switch located at the left under the dial (see in the same place).

Odometer and counter of a distance in kilometers of the current run

The odometer registers the general run of a vehicle from the moment of input it in the operation, the dumped counter allows to trace the current run of the car from the moment of the last dumping of the indications (in kilometers). Switching of modes the odometer/counter is made by means of the button located to the left of a speedometer.

For dumping of indications of the counter it is necessary to activate a combination of devices (see above), then to press the button of dumping and to hold it pressed during about 1 second.

Indicator of level of impellent oil

At check of level of impellent oil the car should be in horizontal situation. Removal of indications should be made about 5 minutes later after a stop of the heated-up engine to normal working temperature.

Turn a key in the ignition lock in situation 2 and wait emergence on the screen of the display of indication, then twice within 1 second to press the button of switching (5). On the display the following information should be highlighted:

(oil level in norm),
(to add 1 liter of oil),
(to add 1.5 l of oil),
(to add 2 l of oil),
or (to pump out superfluous oil in order to avoid damage of the engine or failure of the catalytic converter).

If the correct measurement of level is not obviously possible, indication will blink, - repeat check later short time.

In case of need level of oil can be checked manually on measuring щупу (see. Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases).

Indicator of term of approach planned THAT (TO-Assyst system)

See. Section Active system of the prevention of term of approach planned THAT (ASSYST).

Tachometer

The tachometer is to the right of a speedometer and shows frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in thousand revolutions per minute (the indication of an arrow should be multiplied on 100). In order to avoid an exit of the engine it is out of operation forbidden to exceed the most admissible frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft (the arrow of a tachometer never should come into a red zone of a scale).

For the purpose of protection of the engine at achievement by turns of a cranked shaft of a range of red marking the otsechka of supply of fuel is carried out.

Hours

The dial of onboard hours is built in in the tachometer dial. The regulator of installation of indications of hours is located at the left under the tachometer dial (see in the same place). Rotation of the regulator extended from the panel clockwise leads to increase in indications, against - to reduction.

Control lamps and light indicators

The whole complex of control lamps and indicators by means of which the driver receives important information on serviceability/violation functioning of the main units and car systems is built in assembly of a combination of devices of the car. The scheme of an arrangement of control lamps on an instrument guard is presented on an illustration. Information on a principle of functioning of each of the provided light indicators separately below is offered.

List of devices of control lamps a part of a combination and light indicators

(Yellow) Precautionary control lamp antiprobuksovochny (4-ETS) / protivozanosny (ESP); «Adapt style of driving for road conditions!»

(Yellow) Control lamp of refusals of system of strengthening of emergency braking (BAS) / protivozanosny system (ESP)

(Yellow) Control lamp of antiprobuksovochny system (4-ETS)

(Yellow) Control lamp of refusals of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)

(Yellow) Control lamp of wear of brake shoes

(Yellow) Control lamp of level of impellent oil

(Yellow) Control lamp of level/temperature of cooling liquid

(Yellow) Control lamp of a mode of movement on off road terrain (LOW RANGE)

(Yellow) Control lamp of refusals of MIL / «Check the engine»

(Yellow) Control lamp of shutdown of a face-to-face passenger safety cushion at installation of a children's seat on the right forward seat (AIRBAG OFF)

(Green) Light indicator of activation of fog lights

(Red) Control lamp of blocking of a clamp of the mechanism of adjustment of a steering column

(Red) Control lamp of system of additional safety (SRS)

(Red) Control lamp of level brake liquids/refusals of electronic system of distribution of brake efforts EBV/indicator of raising of the parking brake

(Red) Control lamp of a charge of the storage battery

(Dark blue) Light indicator of activation of a driving beam of headlights

(Yellow) Control lamp of preheat of the diesel engine

(Yellow) Control lamp of an electronic control system in capacity (EPC)

(Red) Light indicator «Fasten a seat belt»

(Yellow) Control lamp of level/frost resistance of liquid in the tank of liquid of washing of glasses/lenses of headlights

Precautionary control lamp of antiprobuksovochny (ETS) and protivozanosny (ESP) of systems

This control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Activation of this control lamp accompanies compulsory shutdown of protivozanosny (ESP) of system (see. Sections of Antiprobuksovochnaya system (4-ETS) and Electronic protivozanosny system (ESP)). Lamp activation in a flashing mode during movement of the car warns the driver that wheels of the car are on a limit of coupling with a paving and it is necessary to lower speed to safe level.

At car towage with the back wheels torn off from the earth, and also at check of serviceability of functioning of brake mechanisms at the stand the engine should be muffled, since otherwise active braking influence of ESP system can lead to failure of brake mechanisms of back wheels!


Control lamp of failures of the amplifier of emergency braking (BAS) / protivozanosny system (ESP)

The control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of BAS or ESP system.

At BAS system refusal the brake system of the car continues to function in the usual (not strengthened) mode.

Malfunction of ESP system can lead to appreciable decrease in capacity developed by the engine. The car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies Mercedes-Benzs for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

For shutdown of a control lamp working at the working engine after shutdown of an onboard food it is necessary to turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop. When falling level of tension is lower 10 In there is an automatic shutdown of BAS system. Being accompanied operation of this control lamp. Return of system to a working condition occurs also automatically at restoration of level of tension, - the lamp should go out.

Control lamp of antiprobuksovochny system (4-ETS)

The control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of system 4-ETS, - the car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies Mercedes-Benzs for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

At high load of brake mechanisms there is an automatic short-term shutdown of system 4-ETS for the purpose of prevention of an overheat of brakes, - this shutdown is accompanied by activation of a control lamp.

The system 4-ETS is activated on speeds from 40 to 80 km/h at achievement any of wheels of a limit of coupling of the tire with the road (for example, at unilateral ice). The corresponding wheel is thus braked for the purpose of ensuring reliable traction effort.


Control lamp of system of anti-blocking of brakes of ABS

This control lamp serves for control of serviceability of functioning of ABS, quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should die away some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of ABS, - the car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies Mercedes-Benzs for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

At the same time with ABS systems 4-ETS, BAS and ESP) are disconnected also that should prove to be true operation of the corresponding control lamps (see above).


Control lamp of wear of brake shoes

The control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Lamp activation during braking testifies to wear of frictional overlays of brake shoes to limiting admissible value and need of performance of their urgent replacement.

Control lamp of level of impellent oil

The control lamp of level of impellent oil quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should die away after implementation of start of the engine. Activation of a control lamp at the working engine testifies to dangerous decrease in level of impellent oil. At the first possibility check oil level, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment (see. Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases), make sure of lack of signs of development of leaks.

Control lamp of level/temperature of cooling liquid

This control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Activation of a control lamp during movement testifies that level of cooling liquid in a broad tank fell to a dangerous limit and it is necessary to make urgently the corresponding adjustment, or the temperature of cooling liquid reached the top border of an admissible range (129°С). Muffle the engine, let's to it cool down a little, check liquid level in a broad tank, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment (see. Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases).

Control lamp of a mode of movement on off road terrain

This control lamp serves for confirmation of serviceability of switching in a movement mode on off road terrain (see. The section Governing bodies and the salon equipment), - in the course of switching the lamp should blink three times, then pass to a mode of a constant luminescence. The speeded-up blinking of a lamp at inclusion of ignition testifies to malfunction in switching system in the LOW RANGE mode and the car it is necessary to drive away on HUNDRED companies Mercedes-Benzs for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

Control lamp of refusals of MIL («Check the engine»)

This control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should die away some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of control systems of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases, - the car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies Mercedes-Benzs for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

For shutdown of the control lamp activated after filling of completely devastated fuel tank it is necessary to repeat three-four times procedure of start of the engine.


Control lamp of shutdown of a face-to-face passenger safety cushion at installation of a children's seat on the right forward seat (AIRBAG OFF)

This control lamp should light up when fixing such special children's seat on a forward passenger seat, confirming with that the fact of shutdown of a passenger safety cushion. Refusal of operation of a control lamp testifies that shutdowns of a pillow did not occur and the children's seat should be transferred back, - address for the help on HUNDRED Mercedes-Benzs.

Light indicator of activation of fog lights

Operation of this light indicator serviceability of activation of antifog lighting (both forward, and back – proves to be true see. Section Governing bodies and salon equipment).

Control lamp of blocking of a clamp of the mechanism of adjustment of a steering column

Activation of this control lamp warns the driver that the mechanism of adjustment of height of situation the helmsman of a column is not blocked (see. The section Governing bodies and the salon equipment) and to begin movement is dangerous.

Control lamp of system of additional safety (SRS)

This control lamp approximately for 4 seconds lights up at inclusion of ignition and should die away right after implementation of start of the engine. If the lama continues to burn at the working engine (in a constant or flashing mode), it indicates existence of malfunction of components of SRS system. At the corresponding complete set operation of this control lamp can be the testimony of malfunction in contours of lateral and head safety cushions, or devices of automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts.

Control lamp of level brake liquids/refusals of electronic system of distribution of brake efforts EBV/indicator of raising of the parking brake

The control lamp continuously burns when raising the parking brake, reminding the driver of need of his otpuskaniye before a start of motion. Movement with the cocked parking brake leads to a fast overheat and failure of brake mechanisms of back wheels of the car, and also to premature wear of protectors of tires of back wheels, but also, can become a cause of infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS).

If the control lamp continues to burn after an otpuskaniye of the parking brake, or joins in movement time, it usually testifies to excessive falling of level of brake liquid, - one of the possible reasons of gradual decrease in level of brake liquid is normal wear of frictional overlays of brake shoes.

One more reason of activation of this control lamp is violation of serviceability of functioning of electronic system of distribution of brake efforts (EBV), - the car should be driven away on the next car repair shop for an assessment of a condition of blocks and check of tightness of a hydraulic path of brake system.

Short-term operation of a control lamp occurs also at ignition inclusion (even at the released parking brake).


Control lamp of a charge of the storage battery

The control lamp of a charge should light up at inclusion of ignition and die away right after engine start. Lamp activation at the working engine warns the driver about violation of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge when the storage battery passes to a category mode. It is necessary to switch off at once everything consumers of the electric power on which functioning safety of traffic does not depend and to try not to allow останова the engine as attempt of its start can lead to the final category of the battery. Check a condition and effort a tension of a driving belt of the generator, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment. If as it should be, the car it is necessary to drive away a belt at once on the next car repair shop for carrying out diagnostics of refusal and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

Light indicator of activation of a driving beam

This indicator serves for confirmation of activation of a driving beam of headlights.

Control lamp of preheat of the diesel engine

The control lamp of preheat lights up at inclusion of ignition and testifies to activation of system of preheat. Start of the engine should be carried out not earlier than the control lamp will be disconnected.

Control lamp of an electronic control system in capacity of the diesel engine (EPC)

This control lamp should light up at inclusion of ignition and die away right after engine start. Lamp operation during movement testifies to refusal in a control system of injection of fuel of the diesel engine, - the system passes a mode of emergency functioning, at movement in which it is not necessary to squeeze out against the stop a pedal of gas and to exceed turns of a cranked shaft 2500 in a minute. The capacity developed by the engine in a similar situation can decrease considerably and the car should be driven away on the closest car repair shop of the Mercedes-Benz company.

The light indicator «Fasten a seat belt»

This indicator has an amber luminescence and quickly (approximately for 6 seconds) works ignition inclusion, reminding the driver and passengers of need of a pristegivaniye seat belts.

Control lamp of level/frost resistance of liquid in the tank of liquid of washing wind glasses/lenses of headlights

This control lamp is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after implementation of start of the engine. Activation of a control lamp during movement testifies that level of washing liquid fell approximately to 1/4 volumes of the corresponding tank.

At temperature below 0°С this control lamp can warn also the driver about freezing of washing liquid and need of increase of concentration for it cold-resistant component.

Light indicators of indexes of turn

Light indicators in the form of arrows have a green luminescence and serve for control of serviceability of functioning of the corresponding indexes of turns. The direction of display arrows coincides with the chosen direction of a change of course of the car. Indicators work in a flashing mode with the frequency corresponding to frequency of a blinking of indexes of turn. The speeded-up blinking of one of indicators usually testifies to a peregoraniye of a lamp of one of indexes of the corresponding turn. It is necessary to make replacement of the burned-down lamp at the first possibility not to create emergencies on roads.

The simultaneous blinking of indicators of indexes of both turns usually accompanies turning on of the alarm system.