Mercedes M-Class W163
since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class M (W163)
- Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
First 1500 km
+ Access, protection
+ Elements of systems of safety
- Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
The dashboard and the central console - the general information
Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators
Governing bodies and salon equipment
Equipment of a luggage compartment
Replacement of brushes of screen wipers
+ Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems
+ Current leaving and service
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Governing bodies and salon equipment
Switching of modes of functioning of headlights and activation of indexes of turns
The switches located on a steering column
The combined switch
Left combined podrulevy the switch (a choice of modes of functioning of external lighting devices, activation of indexes of turns)
By means of the rotary handle on the end of the lever of the podrulevy switch the choice of one of the following modes of functioning of external lighting devices can be made:
Parking fires (the ignition key will turn in situation 0 or it is taken from the ignition lock). The lever of the switch is lowered in situation (4), - the left parking fire, (3) – right is activated.
Activation of indexes of turns is made by an otzhimaniye of the lever of the left podrulevy switch in the corresponding direction. The lever is transferred up or down, to dependences of the chosen direction of a change of course.
Management of functioning of cleaners/washers of a windscreen
Activation of cleaners and washers wind and lenses of headlights is possible only at the included ignition (a key in situation 1 or 2). The choice of a mode of functioning of screen wipers is made by moving of the lever of the switch in the vertical plane:
On equipped with the rain sensor models activation of an interval mode of screen wipers leads to their single operation with the subsequent automatic choice of duration of a pause depending on intensity of wetting of a surface of glass.
Podruleva switch of management of functioning темпостата / systems of variable restriction of speed of Speedtronic
The switch of management темпостата is located with functioning on a steering column above the combined podrulevy switch.
Button of activation of a horn
The button of inclusion of a sound signal is built in a stupichny part of a steering wheel.
Switches and the governing bodies located on the dashboard
Regulator of an inclination of optical axes of headlights
The roller switch of adjustment of an inclination of optical axes of headlights is located in the left part of the dashboard and has four fixed situation (0, 1, 2 and 3).
The switch serves for adjustment of a distance of lighting (at inclusion of a passing beam), for the purpose of prevention of dazzle of drivers of passers and ahead of going vehicles.
Models with adjustment of a road gleam
See the table.
Handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake
On models considered in the real Management the foot drive of the parking brake is used. Raising of the parking brake is made by squeezing of the pedal located at the left under the dashboard. The handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake at the left on the car dashboard also is marked with the pictogram of the corresponding contents.
Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
The lever of an otpuskaniye of the lock mechanism is located at the left on a steering column. For an otpuskaniye of a clamp wring out the lever down to an emphasis, then adjust height of provision of a steering wheel according to features of the constitution. Having achieved the convenient provision of a steering wheel, wring out the lever up.
The switch of activation of faroochistitel (the models equipped with biksenonovy headlights)
The switch of activation of faroochistitel is located on the car dashboard, to the right of a steering column. Activation of faroochistitel is represented possible only in situation 2 keys in the ignition lock.
Switch ignition/lock of blocking of a steering column
The lock of ignition is located on the right on a steering column. The key can occupy one of four fixed positions in the lock:
Situation 0 - blocking of a steering column
The key can be entered into the lock or is taken from it only in this situation. At ignition key turn from situation 0 in situation 1 there is an unblocking of a steering column. Besides, on the models equipped with automatic transmission, an additional condition of permission of start obligatory transfer of the lever of the selector to the situation "R" is.
Blocking the helmsman of a column is carried out automatically in attempt to turn a steering wheel after key extraction from the ignition lock.
Situation 1 - lay
In this position of the ignition key possibility of functioning of auxiliary consumers of the electric power (an audiosystem, the lighter, the heater fan, screen wipers etc.) is provided.
Situation 2 - ignition is included / movement
The ignition key is in this situation constantly during car movement, and also at operation of the engine on single turns. On diesel models key turn in situation 2 before start of the engine leads to activation of system of preheat. An electric food of all systems and the additional equipment established on the car is at the same time provided. At key turn from situation 1 situation 2 quickly joins some from located on an instrument guard of the car of control lamps, confirming serviceability of functioning of the relevant control systems (see. Section Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators).
Situation 3 - start
At key turn in this situation there is a starter inclusion. After implementation of start of the engine the key should be released, and it will automatically return to situation 2.
Switch of the alarm system
Turning on of the alarm system is made by means of the button located from above on a steering column. The button of the switch is standardly equipped with an alarm lamp with the pictogram representing two triangles entered each other.
The LOW RANGE mode switch (for movement in cross-country conditions)
The switch of activation of the LOW RANGE mode for movement on off road terrain is located in the left top corner of console section of the dashboard. For inclusion of a lowering mode transfer the selector lever to the situation "N" (models with AT) / squeeze out pedals of coupling and a foot brake (model with RKPP), then once press the top part of the push-button switch, - a control lamp of "LOW RANGE" (see. The section the Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators) on a combination of devices should blink three times, then pass to a mode of a constant luminescence. At violation of serviceability of inclusion of a lowering mode the control lamp will blink with the doubled frequency.
Return to a mode of normal movement is made in a similar order, - the control lamp should blink three times, then go out, confirming shutdown of a lowering mode.
Switch of activation of antifog lighting
The switch of activation of antifog lighting is located at the left in the central part of console section of the dashboard, near a ware compartment. Activation of antifog lighting can be made only in working condition external lighting devices at the included passing beam of headlights (see above). For inclusion of fog lights it is necessary to include a passing beam (see above), then to press the top part of the keyboard switch, - on a combination of devices the corresponding light indicator (should light up see. Section Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators).
For inclusion in addition to fog lights of back foggy lamps it is necessary to press the lower part of the keyboard switch, - the control light-emitting diode should light up built in switch assembly.
Switches of modes of heating of forward seats
Two keyboard switches of modes of heating of seats are located along the edges of the bottom number of switches of console section of the dashboard and allow to activate two modes of heating of seats (normal and accelerated), and also to make shutdown of heaters.
Activation of heating of seats is made only at the started engine.
Activation normal режимасопровождается operation of one of two control light-emitting diodes built in the switch. At the accelerated heating both light-emitting diodes light up.
Switches of the electric drive of back rotary lateral glasses
Keyboard switches of the electric drive of back rotary lateral glasses are located the second from edges of the bottom number of switches of console section of the dashboard. The pressing the top part of the switch leads to opening of the corresponding glass, on the bottom - to closing.
Switch of management of functioning of a cleaner/washer of back glass
The keyboard switch of management equipped with a control light-emitting diode is located with functioning of a cleaner/washer of back glass in the central part of the bottom number of switches of console section of the dashboard. The pressing the top part of the switch leads to activation of a back screen wiper in an interval mode, - for shutdown of a screen wiper press the same key repeatedly.
Giving activation on back glass of washing liquid is made by keeping of the pressed lower part of a key of the switch, - at the same time activated as well a screen wiper which will continue to function within about 5 more seconds after a key otpuskaniye.
Switch of protivozanosny system (ESP)
The switch of protivozanosny system (ESP) is located in the central part of the bottom number of switches of console section of the dashboard. Need for shutdown of ESP system can arise at movement with antisliding chains, on deep snow, sand or gravel. Thus the torque of the engine ceases to be supervised and pro-slipping of driving wheels can have milling impact on soil.
Control panel functioning of central air of air
See. Undressed Comfort.
Control panel audiosystem functioning
See. Undressed Comfort.
The switches located on the central console
Switches of management of functioning of the electric drive of window regulators
Four individual switches of management are located functioning of the electric drive of door window regulators on the central console on the right and to the left of assembly of the lever of the selector of the AT/handle of gear shifting (RKPP). Two more individual switches of management are located the electric drive of window regulators of back doors at a back end face of the central console.
Each switch allows to activate a drive of a regulator of a window regulator of the corresponding door. Located between switches of the left doors the toddler allows to block in case of need possibility of activation of regulators of window regulators of back doors from individual door switches by shift it to the right, - the pictogram about the image of the little man should open.
For lowering of glass it is necessary to press the lower part of the keyboard corresponding switch. The pressing the top part of the switch allows to transfer glass to the lifted situation. Pressing of a key of the switch with overcoming of a point of resistance leads to automatic lowering / подниманию glasses of the corresponding door.
The adjustment of door window regulators should be made each time after shutdown onboard foods/discharges of the storage battery, and also after reusable pressing the switch without transfer of glass to extreme situation. For performance of an adjustment it is necessary to turn a key in the ignition lock in situation 2, to press the top part of the corresponding keyboard switch and to hold her in this situation until glass will not rise, plus about 1 more second.
Switch of the uniform lock
The switch of the uniform lock is located on the central console at the left behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector and allows to make activation of the uniform lock from car salon, - all doors should be closed.
Parktronic (PTS) system switch
The PTS switch is located on the central console on the right behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector, is equipped with the built-in control light-emitting diode which is activating at disconnected system and allows to make Parktronic system inclusion/shutdown.
Repeated activation of PTS is made automatically at an ignition key povorachivaniye in situation 2.
Control panel functioning of the electric drive of adjustment of door rear-view mirrors
The panel is located on the central console behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector.
External rear-view mirrors have the spherical design, allowing to expand a review field. Heating of mirrors works automatically.
Record of parameters of adjustment in memory of the processor (at the corresponding complete set)
Record in memory of the processor of the chosen provision of rear-view mirrors is made at the same time with record of parameters of adjustment of forward seats (see. Section Adjustment of seats).
Switch of shutdown of devices of protection against towage / unauthorized penetration into car salon
At the corresponding complete set of the car activation of considered devices occurs automatically when locking doors/activation of the anticreeping alarm system.
On the models equipped with the board computer, it is necessary to wring out within 30 seconds the RESET or MODE button on the control panel of the ceiling console, - on the display there should be «OFF» message.
Switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of a cover of the top hatch
The switch of management is located with functioning of the electric drive of an elevating and movable cover of the top hatch on the ceiling console ahead of the salonny lamp.
The electric drive of a cover of the hatch functions only in positions 1 or 2 of the ignition key, and also within 30 minutes situation 0 at open any of forward doors of the car (Comfort function).
The glass cover of the hatch is equipped with a sun-protection shtorka opening and which closing is made manually.
In default the electric drive possibility of closing of a cover of the hatch manually is provided. Cast away a protective cover and enter the six-sided key equipped with a vorotok into a reception opening of a shaft of the driving electromotor, key rotation clockwise allows to close the shifted cover of the hatch, against - to lower the lifted.
The traveling computer (at the corresponding complete set)
The control panel of the traveling computer is located on the ceiling console of the car of the central console of the car and is equipped with the liquid crystal display and the keyboard switch of an installation/choice of modes of functioning.
The design of the computer provided eight modes of functioning:
Switching between modes is made by means of the MODE button of the keyboard switch on the control panel.
For an entrance in a mode of installation press the RESET button of the keyboard switch, - on the screen of the display the indication of the current month will start to blink, - adjustment is made by means of the MODE button. The secondary pressing the RESET button leads to transfer to a mode of installation of day of week, further - years. By RESET button pressing in the fourth time there is an exit from an installation mode.
In the Compass mode on the display the movement direction is deduced:
At movement on big distances there can be a need for adaptation of a compass to conditions of being replaced zones of magnetic inducement:
Start-up and stop of a stop watch is made by means of the RESET button of the keyboard switch on the computer control panel. For zeroing of indications of a stop watch it is necessary to hold the RESET button pressed during several seconds.
Instant fuel consumption
In this mode on the screen of the display value of instant fuel consumption at the rate of the current parameters of movement is deduced.
Average fuel consumption
Dumping of indications of average fuel consumption is made by pressing the RESET button of the keyboard switch.
Course stock at the rate of remaining a fuel stock
At a key povorachivaniye in the ignition lock in situation 2 on the screen of the display value of a distance is deduced, edges can be passable on a stock of fuel available in a tank.
The choice of language of the interface is made also by means of the RESET button.
It is switched off
The next pressing the MODE button leads to computer shutdown.
Switching of modes of a salonny rear-view mirror
Mirror with manual switching
Salonnoye a rear-view mirror with manual switching has two fixed situation: day and night. Switching is made by means of built in in the lower part of a spherical support of a mirror a rychazhka.
Mirror with automatic protection
Protection is activated automatically at key turn in the ignition lock in situation 2, - the control light-emitting diode should light up built in in mirror assembly and can be compulsorily disconnected by means of the nearby button with a light-emitting diode. In an active condition the mirror is switched in the corresponding mode depending on a hade of rays of light to its reflecting surface.
Assemblies of ashtrays with lighters are built in in average and back sections of the central console of the car and have almost identical design.
Opening of a forward ashtray is made by short pressing the top part of a cover. For extraction of an insert it is necessary to seize it by lateral walls and to pull it up.
Use of lighters possibly only in positions 1 or 2 of the ignition key.
If the lighter button after pressing does not jump out after the lapse of more than 30 seconds, the car should be driven away on car repair shop for elimination of taking place malfunction. After use do not forget to return the button in a nest (in order to avoid a contamination of the last).
Power supply sockets
One plug receptacle of power supply is located in a foot well of the forward passenger, one more - in a luggage compartment of the car.
Illumination of salon
Main salonny lamps and forward mate lamps
The switch of modes of functioning of salonny lamps is located on the ceiling console near the switch of management with functioning of the electric drive of the top hatch, behind the control panel there is an assembly of the two-section main thing salonny the lamp/holder of the device of remote control by a drive of garage gate.
Activation/deactivation of each of sections of the main salonny lamp is made by pressing the corresponding lens. Besides, lighting automatically joins when unlocking doors from the DU panel of the uniform lock, and also at their opening, - closing of doors leads to lamp shutdown with a certain temporary delay. Automatic shutdown of salonny lighting is made at ignition inclusion.
Back individual lamps (lamps for reading)
Activation/deactivation of back individual lamps (lamps) is made for reading by pressing lenses of their plafonds. Besides, lighting automatically joins when opening doors, - closing of doors leads to lamp shutdown with a certain temporary delay. Automatic shutdown of salonny lighting is made at ignition inclusion.
Lamp of illumination of a luggage compartment
The lamp is built in in the central part of back section of a ceiling upholstery and equipped with the individual three-position switch, allowing to carry out a choice of a mode of functioning of the lamp.
Device of remote control by a drive of garage gate
The holder for fixing of the device is located under a protective cover in the central part of assembly of the two-section main salonny lamp.
The universal transceiver built in assembly allows to unite conveniently functions to three DU individual panels of manual type and allows to operate functioning of the majority of radio frequencies of actuation mechanisms working in a range, such as a drive of a garage door, activators of door locks, security systems, etc. A food of the transceiver is carried out from the onboard storage battery that excludes need for performance of periodic replacement of an element of a food. Memory of the transceiver is organized by ROM principle that means lack of need of repeated data input after battery shutdown.
Programming of the Universal Transceiver
At the switched-off ignition (a key in situation 1 or 2) press the left button of the transmitter on the ceiling console of the car and, holding it pressed, wait while built in in the console slightly above buttons the control light-emitting diode will not start to blink with frequency about 1 time a second.
Without releasing the left button of the control panel, direct a portable panel of DU from a regular complete set to the actuation mechanism which management will be carried out from this button, the equipped radiator the end on the left side of a salonny rear-view mirror into which the antenna part of the transceiver is integrated and, without letting out from a field of vision a control light-emitting diode, press the button of management of a portable panel. Hold the button pressed until frequency of a blinking of a control light-emitting diode will not double, confirming serviceability of entering of entered information.
The remained two buttons of the control panel are programmed in a similar manner.
Ruled uses of the universal transceiver
After input of the corresponding program code the transceiver can be used for management of the corresponding actuation mechanism (for example, operating functioning of a drive of a garage door). For device activation rather simply press the corresponding button on transceiver control panels (the key in the lock of ignition of the car should be turned in situation 1 or 2), - during transfer of an operating signal should work the light indicator.
Diagnostics of errors of input of a program code
If it is not possible to enter quickly enough into memory of the transceiver of information from the manual transmitter, it is necessary to operate as follows:
If to enter a code it is not possible under no circumstances, address for consultations on firm car repair shop Mercedes-Benz.
Dumping of memory of the universal transceiver
Possibility of cleaning of the data entered for the separate button of the transceiver by a design of the device is not provided. For removal of all entered information it is necessary to hold within about 20 seconds pressed at the same time two lateral buttons on the transceiver control panel. Buttons can be released as soon as the control light-emitting diode will start to blink.
Operations procedure in case of car stealing
When stealing the car it is necessary to reprogram actuation mechanisms of all devices put in action from the transceiver which have not been equipped with function of alternation of a code, - in case of need consult at representatives of the relevant firms manufacturers.
Sun-protection peaks provide protection of eyes of the driver / the forward passenger from dazzle by direct sunshine both in front, and sideways.
On some models from the back party of a sun-protection peak the toilet pocket mirror equipped with a folding cover can be in addition equipped. Opening of a cover of a pocket mirror at the included ignition (in situation 1 or 2) leads a key to activation of illumination of a pocket mirror.
The main ware box is equipped in the right part of the dashboard and equipped with a folding cover with the rotary handle, - cover opening at the included ignition leads to activation of illumination of internal volume of a box.
The additional two-section ware box is equipped in assembly of the central console, under an armrest between forward seats of the car. In a cover of a console box the coin box is provided.
One more ware box equipped by the lock is under assembly of a forward passenger seat (see. Undressed Access to a ware box of the right forward seat).
Two folding chashkoderzhatel are equipped from both parties of the dashboard. For transfer of a chashkoderzhatel into position rather shortly to press an assembly cover, then to release it.
One more forward chashkoderzhatel is located under a movable cover in a forward wall of a console armrest, - shift a cover up and, having pulled for a frame of a chashkoderzhatel, translate the last into position.
One more sliding two-section chashkoderzhatel is equipped in a back face wall of the central console. For transfer of a chashkoderzhatel into position rather shortly to press an assembly cover, then to release it.
The regular place for fastening of the fire extinguisher is equipped in a forward part of salon, near a driver's seat. After each use the fire extinguisher it is necessary перезаправлять. It is necessary to make check of the fire extinguisher each 1-2 years.
Removal and installation of head restraints
Head restraints of forward seats
For removal of head restraints extend it against the stop from directing channels of a back of a seat, then to press the button of an otpuskaniye of a clamp and completely to liberate directing cores of assembly from a back.
Head restraints of a back many-placed seat
The order of performance of procedure is similar described above for forward head restraints.
Head restraints of folding seats of the third additional row
In marching situation head restraints of folding seats refuel in a lateral wall of a pillow of a seat.
The order of removal and installation of head restraints on backs is similar described above for forward seats.
The top luggage carrier, the holder for skis
Fixing of the top luggage carrier should be carried out only on regular profile directing roofs.